The word “hybrid” has become a very commonly used one in the present day, from animals to vegetables and now even cars. For a common man it is rather difficult to comprehend the proper meaning of the phrase ‘hybrid cars’, it is hence, that this article endeavours to provide a little insight to this rather novel concept of cars.
For those involved in the automotive industry like Jeffery W. Lupient, the president of a Minnesota based company called Lupient Automotive Group, it is a very easily comprehensible subject and hence they are the people best suited to gather any kind of information related to this. According to its definition a hybrid vehicle is one which uses more than one means to enable its propulsion. In other words, it has traditional internal combustion system as well as a battery pack and electric motors.
Unlike the standard cars in which the energy often goes to waste, the hybrid cars collect and reuse energy by using their electric bits. Most hybrids have two motor generators; however, there are others that have three as well. The motor generator plays multiple functions which includes the work of a traditional starter motor too, hence causing the latter to be absent in such cars.
What is important for any buyer to note is that not all hybrids are of the same type or operate using the exact same attributes in equal measures. It is the layout of each hybrid that makes it unique and different from another. The oldest hybrid layout is perhaps the ‘Series Layout’. Ships and other diesel locomotives were seen using this particular layout in the last century. The BMW i3 of 2014 uses this kind of hybrid. In this sort of hybrid, generally, the gasoline engine is replaced with a hydrogen powered fuel cell.
Experts like Jeffery Lupient, who has been in the automotive industry for a very long time emphasise that it should be kept in mind that full hybrid cars do not need regular charging like the hybrid plug-instead these cars get their charge from the gas engine using technologies that convert kinetic energy into motor energy.
The other type of hybrid layout is the parallel hybrid; this is by far the least complicated and cheapest of all the hybrids. In this layout the output of the engine and the electric motor are blended together. The engine solely propels the vehicle; the Civic Hybrid from Honda is a user of this layout and the regenerative breaking is the only source of recharging power.
The next layout is the series-parallel hybrid; this is a combination of both series and parallel. The motors used in these layouts are sizeable. The special feature in this is the driving conditions and state of the battery is monitored by a computer and decides as to which the most efficient mode is for that particular time. The cars that use this type of hybrid layout are Ford’s C-Max and Fusion.